Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, to Him belong the endowments and proper commendations. May Allah increase the honor of Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, raise his rank, and protect his nation from what he fears for it.
The ﬁve prayers are among the best acts of worship that the Muslim performs. Performing them is the best deed after having the correct belief in God and His Messenger. Prophet Muhammad , may Allah raise his rank, was asked what the best deed was and he said it was performing the obligatory prayers at the beginning of their times (al-Bayhaqiyy) :
روى البيهقي أن رسول الله سئل عن أفضل الأعمال فقال: ( الصلاة لوقتها ) أي في أول وقتها.
When we say “prayers” we are referring to an act of worshipping God which has a speciﬁc format as God revealed to Prophet Muhammad, may Allah raise his rank. The prophets from Prophet Adam to Prophet Muhammad may Allah raise their rank ordered their followers to pray as per God’s orders.
Since the prayer is the most important matter of Islam after having the correct belief in God and His Messenger, one must plan one’s life around the prayer. It would be a great sin to neglect praying when at work if a prayer was required at that time. If a believer is shopping at the mall or waiting at the airport and there is no way to get home or to a mosque, one is still obligated to perform the prayer within its due time instead of purposely leaving out or delaying the prayer. This indicates the importance of the obligatory prayer. Doing the obligatory prayer on time takes priority over other non-obligatory matters.
This is a brief presentation of the Taharah (purification) and Salah (Prayer) matters according to the Imam Ash-Shafi^iyy in a simplified manner with some illustrations to facilitate the understanding of these matters.
We humbly ask Allah, ta^ala, to grant us the sincere intentions, endow His mercy on us, assemble us under the banner of Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, and make us among the winners on the Day of Judgement.