What is Recommended to Say Before Praying

الأذان

1- اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ

2- أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ – أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

3- أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ

4- حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ – حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ

5- حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ – حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ

6- اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ – اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ

7- لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

Adhan
1- Allahu akbaru-llahu akbar – Allahu akbaru-llahu akbar
2- Ashhadu alla ilaha illallah – Ashhadu alla ilaha illallah
3- Ashhadu anna Muhammadar-Rasulullah – Ashhadu anna Muhammadar-Rasulullah
4- Hayya ^alas-Salah – Hayya ^alas-Salah
5- Hayya ^alal-falah – Hayya ^alal-falah
6- Allahu akbaru-llahu akbar
7- La ilaha illallah

The Meaning of Adhan
Allah is the Greatest (four times)
I testify that no one is God except Allah (twice)
I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah (twice)
Come to Prayer (twice)
Come to success (twice)
Allah is the Greatest (twice)
No one is God except Allah

Note:
In Fajr (Subh) Prayer, the following statement is said after #5:

الصَّلاة خيرمن النَّوم الصَّلاة خير من النَّوم

As-Salatu khayrum minan-nawm As-Salatu khayrum minan-nawm 

Performing the Prayer is better than sleeping (twice)

الإقامة

1- اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ – اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ

2- أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

3- أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ

4- حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ

5- حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ

6- قد قامت الصلاة – قد قامت الصلاة

7- اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ – اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ

8- لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

Iqamah

1- Allahu akbaru-llahu akbar
2- Ashhadu alla ilaha illallah
3- Ashhadu anna Muhammadar-Rasulullah
4- Hayya ^alas-Salah
5- Hayya ^alal-falah
6- Qad qamatis-Salatu – Qad qamatis-Salah
7- Allahu akbaru-llahu akbar
8- La ilaha illallah

The Meaning of Iqamah

Allah is the Greatest (twice)
I testify that no one is God except Allah
I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah
Come to Prayer
Come to success
The Prayer will soon be performed (twice)
Allah is the Greatest (twice)
No one is God except Allah