Tayammum (Dry Purification)

In the absence of water or when unable to use water, one may instead of performing wudu‘ or ghusl perform tayammum. This is stated in the Qur’an:

 { فَلَمْ تَجِدُوا مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوا بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُمْ مِنْهُ }

This verse means: “If you do not find water, then perform tayammum with the pure soil. Pass it onto your faces and arms”. (al-Ma’idah, 6).

The Prophet said:

 ( جُعِلَتْ لَنَا الأَرْضُ كُلُّهَا مَسْجِدًا ، وَجُعِلَتْ تُرْبَتُهَا لَنَا طَهُورًا ) رواه مسلم

It means: “The Earth is made a place for our prayers, and its soil is made for our purification” (Muslim).


One must make sure that the time of the prayer has set in before performing the tayammum. The tayammum is valid for one obligatory prayer only and for as many optional prayers as one wishes. Hence, one repeats the tayammum before each obligatory prayer.