The Jumu^ah (Friday) Prayer

Friday is the best day of the week. On Friday there are certain blessings that may be bestowed particular to that day. The Muslim men are required to attend the Friday prayer as stated in the Holy Qur’an (al-Jumu^ah, 9):

قال الله تعالى:

{ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا إِذَا نُودِيَ لِلصَّلَاةِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَذَرُوا الْبَيْعَ ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ }

Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

( رواح الجمعة واجب على كل محتلِم ) رواه النَّسائى .

It means: “Performing the Jumu^ah prayer is an obligation upon every [male] pubescent person.” (an-Nasa’iyy)ز Although not obligated, women can pray the Friday prayer.

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The Friday prayer is performed in a congregation, usually at a mosque. It is performed in the Dhuhr prayer time, replacing the Dhuhr prayer for that day. Instead of the four rak^ahs of the Dhuhr prayer, you pray only two rak^ahs and begin your prayer intending to pray the congregational Friday prayer instead of intending the Dhuhr prayer.
If you miss joining the group of the Friday prayer, then you must pray the Dhuhr prayer with its normal four rak^ahs.
At the Friday prayer, the group listens attentively to two speeches which the imam gives before the prayer. Both the speeches and the prayer are done in the Dhuhr prayer time, and the prayer follows immediately after the speeches.